On June 27, 1862 this flag, carried by the 16th Mississippi Infantry, was shot 11
times and the color bearer killed. Though unreadable, in the upper quadrant bears
a handwritten inscription "Through God we shall do valiantly, for He is that shall
tread down our enemies."
Go back to the Simpson County Confederates Home page.
Organized June 8, 1861 at Corinth, Mississippi, Colonel Carnot Posey commanding.
Reorganized April 28, 1862. Surrendered with General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox
Court House, Virginia, April 9, 1865.
Colonels-Carnot Posey, promoted Brigadier-General, mortally wounded at Bristoe Station;
Samuel L. Baker, killed at Bloody Angle; Edward C. Councill, mortally wounded at
Lt.-Colonels-Robert Clark, James J. Shannon; Abrom M. Feltus, killed at Spottsylvania;
Senaca McNeil Bain.
Majors-Jeff H. Bankston, Samuel E. Baker, E. C. Councill, S. M. Bain, Thomas R. Stockdale.
Surgeons-A. B. Snell; G. Alston Groves, died at Gettysburg. Penn.
Assistant Surgeons- Gwin and Groves.
Chaplains-S. H. Ross, died 12 February, 1865; A. H. Lomax, 1863-1865.
Skirmishes Centreville, and Fairfax Court House, Virginia, Oct. 10-17, 1861
Skirmishes Warrenton Station, and Kelly's Ford, Virginia March 15-23 , 1862
Battles of Front Royal, and Winchester, Virginia, May 23-25, 1862
Operations against Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, May 28-30, 1862
Battle of Cross Keys, (Union Church), Virginia, June 8, 1862
Battles before Richmond, at Cold Harbor and Malvern Hill, Virginia, June 27-July
Skirmish at Stevensburg, Virginia, August 20, 1862
Battle of Second Bull Run (Manassas), Virginia, August 30, 1862
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam), Maryland, September 17, 1862
Skirmish at Hazel Run, Virginia, Nov. 9-11, 1862
Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, Dec. 11-15, 1862
Battle of Chancellorsville, and Second Fredericksburg, Virginia, April 29-May 6,
Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 2-3, 1863
Skirmish at Falling Waters, Maryland, July 14, 1863
Skirmishes near Culpeper Court House, Virginia, August 1-4, and September 12-14,
Skirmish Bristoe Station -near Broad River, Virginia, October 14, 1863
Battle of Mine Run, Virginia, November 25-December 3, 1863
Skirmishes along the Rapidan, Virginia, February, 1864
Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia, May 6-7, 1864
Battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia, (Po River, Mule Shoe), May 9-17, 1864
Skirmish at North Anna River, (Jericho Mills), Virginia, May 26, 1864
Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 2-11, 1864
Skirmishes near Weldon Rail Road, Virginia, June 21-July 30, 1864
Battle of Fussell's Mills, Virginia, August 18-19, 1864
Skirmishes South of Petersburg, Virginia, September 10-Dec. 7, 1864
Skirmishes near Belfield, Dinwiddie Court House, Burgess's Mills, Virginia, January
25- February 7, 1865
Skirmishes at Swift Run and Richmond, Virginia, February 28-April 1, 1865
Battle of Fort Gregg, April 2, 1865
Surrender with Gen Robert E. Lee, Appomattox Court House, Virginia, April 9, 1865
Cross Keys, Virginia, June 8, 1862. General Trimble's Brigade (which included 21st
Georgia, 15th Alabama, 21st North Carolina and the 16th Mississippi) slaughtered
the 8th New York Infantry. Hidden behind a rail fence bordering a small patch of
woods Trible's Brigade awaited the 8th New York. In a double battle line the 8th
New York marched unknowingly toward the fence. Five hundred Union troops against
nearly thirteen hundred Confederate troops. The Confederates were prone behind the
fence with their weapons sticking through the spaces between the rails. The bottom
two rail spaces had been stuffed with leafs to hide the men from view. The 16th
Mississippi was carrying the Harpers Ferry Musket loaded with ball and three buckshot.
At forty yards the command for men in the rear of the Confederate line to stand was
given. Swiftly they rose and then the command to fire was heard. A sheet of fire
ran along their line, followed by a crash that resounded through the woods. The
deadly volley killed 80 men and more than 100 wounded. The Confederate brigade sprang
across the fence, shouting and firing as they went. The Southerners captured another
74 as the surviving Union troops fled. The 16th Mississippi continued across the
field and attacked the 27th Pennsylvania and Buell's battery of artillery. Colonel
Posey was wounded in this attack. The Mississippian's were being stopped and taking
heavy losses when the 21st Georgia arrived and both units attacked the Union line
causing it to retreat.
Fort Gregg, Petersburg, Virginia, April 2, 1865. Portions of the 16th and 12th Mississippi,
Brig. Gen J. Lane's North Carolina, one rifled cannon manned by the New Orleans Washington
Artillery, and one rifled cannon manned by the 4th Maryland Artillery, a total of
214 men, were asked to man Fort Gregg. The time was urgent. Robert E. Lee and his
army was about to be destroyed and they needed the men at Fort Gregg to hold of the
Union army for two hours to allow General Lee to escape with his army intact. What
faced the Mississippians that day were nearly 8000 union assault troops and heavy
artillery. Fort Gregg held out for three hours against four heavy assaults. When
finally the Union troops surrounded the fort and climbed over it's walls. Then there
was another 30 minutes of savage hand to hand fighting in which all manor of weapons
were used from bayonets and clubbing rifles to bricks gathered form chimneys toppled
by artillery fire. Finally the Confederates surrendered. Inside the fort lay 55
dead Confederates, nearly 40 forty being killed after they surrendered, 129 wounded.
Only 30 Confederates survived any injuries. Outside the fort nearly 700 Union troops
lay dead or wounded. General Lee and his army (which included the rest of the 16th
Mississippi) escaped to Appomattox Court House.